Fleet Requirements By Topic
- Greenhouse Gas Reduction
- Petroleum Consumption Reduction
- Alternative Fuel Use
- Vehicle Acquisition
- Infrastructure Development
- Agency Fleet Planning
- Agency Sustainability Planning
Greenhouse Gas Reduction
Executive Order (E.O.) 13514 requires Federal agencies to inventory and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across three scopes through fiscal year (FY) 2020 (outlined in the greenhouse gas section of the FEMP website). Agencies must consider fleet and transportation management during GHG inventory and mitigation processes. Specifically, Federal agencies must consider:
- Reducing petroleum consumption in agency fleets of 20 or more by 2% each year through FY 2020 compared to a FY 2005 baseline.
Section 141 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 also covers GHG reductions by prohibiting Federal agencies from acquiring light-duty vehicles (LDVs) and medium-duty passenger vehicles that are not low GHG-emitting vehicles.
Petroleum Consumption Reduction
E.O. 13514 requires a reduction of petroleum consumption in agency fleets of 20 or more by 2% each year through FY 2020 compared to a FY 2005 baseline. This expands upon previous requirements, including:
- E.O. 13423 requires Federal agencies with 20 or more vehicles located in the U.S. to decrease annual petroleum consumption by 2% each year through FY 2015 compared to a fiscal year 2005 baseline.
- EISA 2007 Section 142 requires Federal agencies to decrease annual petroleum consumption by 20% from FY 2005 to FY 2015. Rulemaking is currently underway for this section.
Alternative Fuel Use
EISA 2007 Section 142 requires Federal agencies with 20 or more vehicles located in the U.S. to increase annual alternative fuel use 10% each year through FY 2015 compared to a FY 2005 baseline. A rulemaking on this requirement is currently under development.
Section 701 of the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005 requires Federal dual-fueled alternative-fuel vehicles (AFVs) to use alternative fuels unless the Secretary of Energy determines that an agency qualifies for a waiver. Agencies submit waiver requests to DOE in June of each year using the Federal Automotive Statistical Tool (FAST). Waivers are granted for vehicles operated by an agency in a particular geographic area in which:
- The alternative fuel required for use in the vehicle is not reasonably available (within a 5 mile or 15 minute drive of the vehicles' garaged location) as certified to the Secretary by the head of the agency.
- The cost of the alternative fuel required for use in the vehicle is unreasonably more expensive compared to a gallon of gasoline as certified to the Secretary by the head of the agency.
EPAct 2005 Section 701 also requires the Secretary to monitor compliance by all such fleets and report annually to Congress on the extent to which the requirements are being achieved. The report shall include information on annual reductions in petroleum consumption and the problems, if any, encountered in acquiring alternative fuels. This report is available in the annual reports section.
EPAct 1992, as amended by the Energy Conservation Act (ECRA) of 1998 and the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), sets statutory requirements for the acquisition of AFVs by Federal agencies. Starting in FY 2000, 75% of LDV acquisitions in covered fleets must be AFVs. Vehicles that weigh less than 8,500 pounds GVWR are considered LDVs.
- EPAct 1992 requirements apply to fleets of 20 or more LDVs that are centrally fueled or capable of being centrally fueled and are primarily operated in a metropolitan statistical area (MSA)/ consolidated metropolitan area (CMSA). Vehicles heavier than 8,500 pounds GVWR or not located or operated primarily in a covered MSA or CMSA are exempt from these requirements. Law enforcement, emergency, and military tactical vehicles are also exempt.
- Compliance with EPAct 1992 is met by AFV acquisition credits, which are granted based on the number of AFVs acquired and the quantity of biodiesel fuel used.
- Federal fleets earn one credit for every bi- or flexible-fuel AFV acquired.
- An additional credit is earned for acquiring dedicated AFVs as these vehicles operate exclusively on alternative fuels.
- Three credits are earned for dedicated medium duty vehicles.
- Four credits are earned for dedicated heavy-duty vehicle acquisitions.
- Fleets also earn one credit for every 450 gallons of neat biodiesel (B100) or 2,250 gallons of B20 (20% biodiesel and 80% petroleum diesel) used.
E.O 13423 requires Federal agencies to use plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) when commercially available at a cost reasonably comparable, based on life-cycle cost, to non-PHEVs.
EISA of 2007 Section 141 prohibits Federal agencies from acquiring LDVs and medium-duty passenger vehicles that are not low greenhouse gas (GHG)-emitting vehicles. See EPA’s Guidance for Implementing Section 141 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 for more information. Find a listing of low greenhouse-gas emitting vehicles for Federal fleets at EPA’s Regulations and Standards: Federal Fleets website.
EISA 2007 Section 246 directs Federal agencies to install at least one renewable fuel pump at fleet fueling centers under their jurisdiction by January 1, 2010, and to provide annual reports on their progress in meeting this requirement. All Federal fleet fueling centers that consume less than 100,000 gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) of a single conventional fuel type per year are exempt from this requirement.
Agency Fleet Planning
EISA 2007 Section 142 requires Federal agencies to develop executable plans to meet statutory and E.O. fuel consumption requirements and to report annually to DOE on their progress toward meeting the goals laid out in this plan. DOE is also directed to establish interim milestones to assess annual agency progress.
Agency Sustainability Planning
E.O. 13514 establishes a fleet component to the overall agency sustainability plan to achieve E.O. 13514 sustainability goals and targets for FY 2011 through FY 2021. The White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) links to each agency's sustainability plan.
EPAct 1992 (as amended by ECRA 1998) requires Federal agencies to report to Congress annually on Federal fleet compliance. These reports are due by February 15 of each year.